Be careful out there! The sun can be very unforgiving and when it is this hot out, it is very important that you recognize and pay extra attention to any Heat-Related Illness Symptoms and what to do in order to treat them.
1) HEAT CRAMPS
Symptoms: Painful muscle cramps and spasms usually in legs and abdomen – Heavy sweating
First Aid: Apply firm pressure on cramping muscles or gentle massage to relieve spasm. – Give sips of water, if nausea occurs, discontinue water.
3) HEAT EXHAUSTION
Symptoms: Heavy sweating – Weakness – Cool, pale, clammy skin – Weak pulse – Possible muscle cramps – Dizziness – Nausea and vomiting – Fainting – Normal temperature possible
First Aid: Move person to a cooler environment – Remove or loosen clothing – Apply cool, wet cloths – Fan or move victim to air conditioned room – Offer sips of water. If nausea occurs, discontinue water. If vomiting continues, seek immediate medical attention.
3) HEAT STROKE (or sunstroke)
Symptoms: Altered mental state – Possible throbbing headache, confusion, nausea, dizziness, shallow breathing – High body temperature (106Â°F or higher) – Skin may be hot and dry, or patient may be sweating – Rapid pulse – Possible unconsciousness
First Aid: Heat stroke is a severe medical emergency. Summon emergency medical assistance or get the victim to a hospital immediately. Delay can be fatal. – Move the victim to a cooler, preferably air-conditioned, environment – Reduce body temperature with a water mister and fan or sponging – Use fan if heat index temperatures are below the high 90s – Use extreme caution – If temperature rises again, repeat process – Do NOT give fluids.