Heat Warning: San Diego
Be careful out there! The sun can be very unforgiving and when it is this hot out, it is very important that you recognize and pay extra attention to any Heat-Related Illness Symptoms and what to do in order to treat them. 1) HEAT CRAMPS Symptoms: Painful muscle cramps and spasms usually in legs and abdomen - Heavy sweating First Aid: Apply firm pressure on cramping muscles or gentle massage to relieve spasm. - Give sips of water, if nausea occurs, discontinue water. 3) HEAT EXHAUSTION Symptoms: Heavy sweating - Weakness - Cool, pale, clammy skin - Weak pulse - Possible muscle cramps - Dizziness - Nausea and vomiting - Fainting - Normal temperature possible First Aid: Move person to a cooler environment - Remove or loosen clothing - Apply cool, wet cloths - Fan or move victim to air conditioned room - Offer sips of water. If nausea occurs, discontinue water. If vomiting continues, seek immediate medical attention. 3) HEAT STROKE (or sunstroke) Symptoms: Altered mental state - Possible throbbing headache, confusion, nausea, dizziness, shallow breathing - High body temperature (106Â°F or higher) - Skin may be hot and dry, or patient may be sweating - Rapid pulse - Possible unconsciousness First Aid: Heat stroke is a severe medical emergency. Summon emergency medical assistance or get the victim to a hospital immediately. Delay can be fatal. - Move the victim to a cooler, preferably air-conditioned, environment - Reduce body temperature with a water mister and fan or sponging - Use fan if heat index temperatures are below the high 90s - Use extreme caution - If temperature rises again, repeat process - Do NOT give fluids.